This woody, evergreen plant can climb up to 23 feet tall in light, medium, and heavy soils. The greenbrier is not self-fertile and flowers from May-June in sun or semi-shaded areas. It is also dioecious, which means that both the male and female plants must be grown if seeds are to be produced. Each of the leaves has 3 prominent veins and grows in alternate forms. They produce purple-black berries and are considered a native plant to the southern area.
It has been used topically as a counter-irritant to relieve muscle cramps, pains, boils, and muscle twitching. If made into a tea, it can relieve rheumatism and stomach problems.
Did You Know:
If you cook and dry the greenbrier, it can be used in cereal flours, breads, soups, and even jellies.